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Patreon: A Case Study in Evolving the Subscription-Based Crowdfunding Model

Patreon’s journey from a single pricing model to a diversified, tiered membership system highlights the importance of adaptability and innovation in the business world.

Patreon Offices

Launched in May 2013, Patreon quickly established itself as a leading subscription-based platform in the online crowdfunding market.

Over five years, the company successfully expanded its base of artists and content providers (known as "creators" on Patreon) and their fans and contributors (known as "patrons"). Despite this growth, Patreon faced challenges that required a strategic pivot to sustain its business model and profitability.

The Initial Success

Patreon’s appeal lay in its simple yet effective business model. Creators could earn a consistent income through direct contributions from their patrons, who subscribed for exclusive content, behind-the-scenes access, and other perks.

Patreon charged its content creators a standard 5% fee plus transaction costs, allowing creators to retain over 90% of their crowdfunded amounts. This fair share was instrumental in attracting a diverse array of creators, from musicians and podcasters to visual artists and writers.

The Challenge

By 2018, Patreon had established a significant presence in the crowdfunding space but realized the sustainability of its uniform pricing and service structure was in question.

The founder and CEO of Patreon acknowledged the need for more advanced tools to attract new content creators and enhance the experience for existing patrons.

The challenge was to balance the introduction of new services with a revised pricing strategy that could fund these developments while growing the customer base and improving profitability.

The Strategic Shift

To address these challenges, Patreon undertook several key initiatives:

  1. Tiered Membership Plans: Patreon introduced new membership plans with different levels of service and support. These tiers included:

  • Lite Plan: A basic plan with core features.

  • Pro Plan: An intermediate plan with additional tools for growth.

  • Premium Plan: A comprehensive plan offering dedicated support and advanced features.

Enhanced Tools and Features: Patreon invested in developing new tools to help creators manage their businesses more effectively. This included improved analytics, better communication tools, and integrations with other platforms. These enhancements aimed to provide a more seamless and productive experience for both creators and patrons.

Revised Pricing Strategy: The new tiered membership plans came with revised pricing structures to reflect the value of the additional services. This strategy allowed Patreon to generate the necessary revenue to continue improving and expanding its platform.

The Outcome

The strategic shift paid off. Patreon’s new tiered membership model attracted a broader range of creators, from hobbyists to professional content producers. The enhanced tools and features helped creators grow their audience and increase their earnings. The revised pricing strategy provided Patreon with the resources to continue innovating and supporting its community.

By diversifying its offerings and implementing a more sustainable pricing model, Patreon maintained its position as a leading platform in the subscription-based crowdfunding market. This evolution not only ensured the company's survival but also positioned it for long-term success in an increasingly competitive landscape.


Patreon’s journey from a single pricing model to a diversified, tiered membership system highlights the importance of adaptability and innovation in the business world.

By recognizing the need for change and implementing strategic shifts, Patreon was able to sustain its growth and profitability. This case study serves as a valuable example for other companies facing similar challenges in the rapidly evolving digital economy.



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